Extracting marble and installing it in someone’s home is an incredibly long and arduous process. Removing a 30,000-pounds block of marble from the Ground and turning it into a piece of decoration or gleaming marble floor is not easy. There are several steps and complicated processes which cannot be overlooked in order for a piece of marble to find the perfect setting where it will look beautiful for many coming years.
The first step to finding the perfect slab is locating a potential quarrying site, and this process requires geologists to locate the mining place. Samples are then obtained by boring into the earth; these samples are then tested to determine if the marble is suitable for use as dimensional building stone.
Once mining has begun, perhaps there are several months of digging before any marble is extracted from the quarry, because clearing the way to reach the best material, requires removing overburden, or dirt, before the stone is accessible.
The drilling can begin; the process starts by taking down a “bench wall,” a large dimensional chunk of rock that is then cut into smaller blocks of a specific type of stone usually have a fairly uniform size, due to the size of the processing equipment used.
After the blocks are extracted from the quarry, they'll go through further processing to match their intended purpose. For tiles, the marble is cut into stone billets and polished to a smooth sheen. Marble slabs for construction or sculpture are cut using diamond wires or a gang saw, which uses multiple diamond-tipped blades to slice a Marble block into more manageable slabs. Often, a resin is applied to fill in cracks in the Marble's surface. After polishing, only 1 percent of the surface will be coated in resin, maintaining the purity and beauty of the finished stone.
At the retailer's show room, slabs are displayed in giant, iron oxide-coated easels for customers to view. After choosing a slab(s), the customer gives the dimensions of his project (kitchen counters, floor or bathroom) to the retailer, who maps the shapes onto the slab itself.